Lectionary Readings Year A   Sunday, October 1st   (New International Version)
Exodus 17:1-7 (Water from the rock)
Psalm 78:1-4 12-16 (Recounting God’s power)
Philippians 2:1-13 (Christ humbled to the point of death)
Matthew 21:23-32 (A parable of doing God’s will)

Exodus 17:1-7
Water From the Rock
17 The whole Israelite community set out from the Desert of Sin, traveling from place to place as the Lord
commanded. They camped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink. 2 So they quarreled with
Moses and said, “Give us water to drink.”

Moses replied, “Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you put the Lord to the test?”

3 But the people were thirsty for water there, and they grumbled against Moses. They said, “Why did you bring
us up out of Egypt to make us and our children and livestock die of thirst?”

4 Then Moses cried out to the Lord, “What am I to do with these people? They are almost ready to stone me.”

5 The Lord answered Moses, “Go out in front of the people. Take with you some of the elders of Israel and
take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile, and go. 6 I will stand there before you by the rock
at Horeb. Strike the rock, and water will come out of it for the people to drink.” So Moses did this in the sight
of the elders of Israel. 7 And he called the place Massah[a] and Meribah[b] because the Israelites quarreled
and because they tested the Lord saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?”

Footnotes:
Exodus 17:7 Massah means testing.
Exodus 17:7 Meribah means quarreling.

Psalm 78:1-4
A maskil[a] of Asaph.
1 My people, hear my teaching;
 listen to the words of my mouth.
2 I will open my mouth with a parable;
 I will utter hidden things, things from of old—
3 things we have heard and known,
 things our ancestors have told us.
4 We will not hide them from their descendants;
 we will tell the next generation
the praiseworthy deeds of the Lord,
 his power, and the wonders he has done.

Footnotes:
Psalm 78:1 Title: Probably a literary or musical term

Psalm 78:12-16
12 He did miracles in the sight of their ancestors
 in the land of Egypt, in the region of Zoan.
13 He divided the sea and led them through;
 he made the water stand up like a wall.
14 He guided them with the cloud by day
 and with light from the fire all night.
15 He split the rocks in the wilderness
 and gave them water as abundant as the seas;
16 he brought streams out of a rocky crag
 and made water flow down like rivers.

Philippians 2:1-13
Imitating Christ’s Humility
2 Therefore if you have any encouragement from being united with Christ, if any comfort from his love, if any
common sharing in the Spirit, if any tenderness and compassion, 2 then make my joy complete by being like-
minded, having the same love, being one in spirit and of one mind. 3 Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain
conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves, 4 not looking to your own interests but each of you to
the interests of the others.

5 In your relationships with one another, have the same mindset as Christ Jesus:

6 Who, being in very nature[a] God,
 did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage;
7 rather, he made himself nothing
 by taking the very nature[b] of a servant,
 being made in human likeness.
8 And being found in appearance as a man,
 he humbled himself
 by becoming obedient to death—
     even death on a cross!
9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place
 and gave him the name that is above every name,
10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow,
 in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
11 and every tongue acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord,
 to the glory of God the Father.
Do Everything Without Grumbling
12 Therefore, my dear friends, as you have always obeyed—not only in my presence, but now much more in my
absence—continue to work out your salvation with fear and trembling, 13 for it is God who works in you to will
and to act in order to fulfill his good purpose.

Footnotes:
Philippians 2:6 Or in the form of
Philippians 2:7 Or the form

Matthew 21:23-32
The Authority of Jesus Questioned
23 Jesus entered the temple courts, and, while he was teaching, the chief priests and the elders of the people
came to him. “By what authority are you doing these things?” they asked. “And who gave you this authority?”

24 Jesus replied, “I will also ask you one question. If you answer me, I will tell you by what authority I am doing
these things. 25 John’s baptism—where did it come from? Was it from heaven, or of human origin?”

They discussed it among themselves and said, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will ask, ‘Then why didn’t you believe
him?’ 26 But if we say, ‘Of human origin’—we are afraid of the people, for they all hold that John was a prophet.”

27 So they answered Jesus, “We don’t know.”

Then he said, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.

The Parable of the Two Sons
28 “What do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work
today in the vineyard.’

29 “‘I will not,’ he answered, but later he changed his mind and went.

30 “Then the father went to the other son and said the same thing. He answered, ‘I will, sir,’ but he did not go.

31 “Which of the two did what his father wanted?”

“The first,” they answered.

Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering the kingdom of God
ahead of you. 32 For John came to you to show you the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him, but
the tax collectors and the prostitutes did. And even after you saw this, you did not repent and believe him.