Lectionary Readings Year A   Sunday, September 17th   (New International Version)
Exodus 14:19-31 (Israel delivered at the sea)
Psalm 114 (Tremble O earth)
or Exodus 15:1b-11 20-21 (Song at the sea)
Romans 14:1-12 (When brothers and sisters judge each other)
Matthew 18:21-35 (A parable of forgiveness)

Exodus 14:19-31
19 Then the angel of God, who had been traveling in front of Israel’s army, withdrew and went behind them. The
pillar of cloud also moved from in front and stood behind them, 20 coming between the armies of Egypt and
Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness to the one side and light to the other side; so neither
went near the other all night long.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and all that night the Lord drove the sea back with a strong
east wind and turned it into dry land. The waters were divided, 22 and the Israelites went through the sea on
dry ground, with a wall of water on their right and on their left.

23 The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and horsemen followed them into the sea.
24 During the last watch of the night the Lord looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud at the Egyptian
army and threw it into confusion. 25 He jammed[a] the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty
driving. And the Egyptians said, “Let’s get away from the Israelites! The Lord is fighting for them against
Egypt.”

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over
the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen.” 27 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak
the sea went back to its place. The Egyptians were fleeing toward[b] it, and the Lord swept them into the sea.
28 The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen—the entire army of Pharaoh that had
followed the Israelites into the sea. Not one of them survived.

29 But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground, with a wall of water on their right and on their left.
30 That day the Lord saved Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on
the shore. 31 And when the Israelites saw the mighty hand of the Lord displayed against the Egyptians, the
people feared the Lord and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant.

Footnotes:
Exodus 14:25 See Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint and Syriac; Masoretic Text removed
Exodus 14:27 Or from


Psalm 114
1 When Israel came out of Egypt,
  Jacob from a people of foreign tongue,
2 Judah became God’s sanctuary,
  Israel his dominion.
3 The sea looked and fled,
  the Jordan turned back;
4 the mountains leaped like rams,
  the hills like lambs.
5 Why was it, sea, that you fled?
  Why, Jordan, did you turn back?
6 Why, mountains, did you leap like rams,
  you hills, like lambs?
7 Tremble, earth, at the presence of the Lord,
  at the presence of the God of Jacob,
8 who turned the rock into a pool,
  the hard rock into springs of water.
Exodus 15:1-11
The Song of Moses and Miriam
15 Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song to the Lord:

“I will sing to the Lord,
  for he is highly exalted.
Both horse and driver
  he has hurled into the sea.
2 “The Lord is my strength and my defense[a];
  he has become my salvation.
He is my God, and I will praise him,
  my father’s God, and I will exalt him.
3 The Lord is a warrior;
  the Lord is his name.
4 Pharaoh’s chariots and his army
  he has hurled into the sea.
The best of Pharaoh’s officers
  are drowned in the Red Sea.[b]
5 The deep waters have covered them;
  they sank to the depths like a stone.
6 Your right hand, Lord,
  was majestic in power.
Your right hand, Lord,
  shattered the enemy.
7 “In the greatness of your majesty
  you threw down those who opposed you.
You unleashed your burning anger;
  it consumed them like stubble.
8 By the blast of your nostrils
  the waters piled up.
The surging waters stood up like a wall;
  the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.
9 The enemy boasted,
  ‘I will pursue, I will overtake them.
I will divide the spoils;
  I will gorge myself on them.
I will draw my sword
  and my hand will destroy them.’
10 But you blew with your breath,
  and the sea covered them.
They sank like lead
  in the mighty waters.
11 Who among the gods
  is like you, Lord?
Who is like you—
  majestic in holiness,
awesome in glory,
  working wonders?


Footnotes:
Exodus 15:2 Or song
Exodus 15:4 Or the Sea of Reeds; also in verse 22


Exodus 15:20-21
20 Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron’s sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with
timbrels and dancing. 21 Miriam sang to them:

“Sing to the Lord,
  for he is highly exalted.
Both horse and driver
  he has hurled into the sea.”


Romans 14:1-12
The Weak and the Strong

14 Accept the one whose faith is weak, without quarreling over disputable matters. 2 One person’s faith allows
them to eat anything, but another, whose faith is weak, eats only vegetables. 3 The one who eats everything
must not treat with contempt the one who does not, and the one who does not eat everything must not judge
the one who does, for God has accepted them. 4 Who are you to judge someone else’s servant? To their own
master, servants stand or fall. And they will stand, for the Lord is able to make them stand.

5 One person considers one day more sacred than another; another considers every day alike. Each of them
should be fully convinced in their own mind. 6 Whoever regards one day as special does so to the Lord. Whoever
eats meat does so to the Lord, for they give thanks to God; and whoever abstains does so to the Lord and gives
thanks to God. 7 For none of us lives for ourselves alone, and none of us dies for ourselves alone. 8 If we live,
we live for the Lord; and if we die, we die for the Lord. So, whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord. 9 For
this very reason, Christ died and returned to life so that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living.

10 You, then, why do you judge your brother or sister[a]? Or why do you treat them with contempt? For we will
all stand before God’s judgment seat. 11 It is written:

“‘As surely as I live,’ says the Lord,
‘every knee will bow before me;
  every tongue will acknowledge God.’”[b]
12 So then, each of us will give an account of ourselves to God.

Footnotes:
Romans 14:10 The Greek word for brother or sister (adelphos) refers here to a believer, whether man or
woman, as part of God’s family; also in verses 13, 15 and 21.
Romans 14:11 Isaiah 45:23


Matthew 18:21-35
The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant

21 Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins
against me? Up to seven times?”

22 Jesus answered, “I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times.[a]

23 “Therefore, the kingdom of heaven is like a king who wanted to settle accounts with his servants. 24 As he
began the settlement, a man who owed him ten thousand bags of gold[b] was brought to him. 25 Since he was not
able to pay, the master ordered that he and his wife and his children and all that he had be sold to repay the
debt.

26 “At this the servant fell on his knees before him. ‘Be patient with me,’ he begged, ‘and I will pay back
everything.’ 27 The servant’s master took pity on him, canceled the debt and let him go.

28 “But when that servant went out, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred silver coins.[c]
He grabbed him and began to choke him. ‘Pay back what you owe me!’ he demanded.

29 “His fellow servant fell to his knees and begged him, ‘Be patient with me, and I will pay it back.’

30 “But he refused. Instead, he went off and had the man thrown into prison until he could pay the debt. 31
When the other servants saw what had happened, they were outraged and went and told their master
everything that had happened.

32 “Then the master called the servant in. ‘You wicked servant,’ he said, ‘I canceled all that debt of yours
because you begged me to. 33 Shouldn’t you have had mercy on your fellow servant just as I had on you?’ 34 In
anger his master handed him over to the jailers to be tortured, until he should pay back all he owed.

35 “This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your
heart.”

Footnotes:
Matthew 18:22 Or seventy times seven
Matthew 18:24 Greek ten thousand talents; a talent was worth about 20 years of a day laborer’s wages.
Matthew 18:28 Greek a hundred denarii; a denarius was the usual daily wage of a day laborer (see 20:2).